Most of the German documents are adorned with various stamps and seals. Since these seals fall into a few distinct categories and tend to appear on more than one document, this section will examine each of the types, along with examples and whatever we can glean about their origin and purpose.
Types of stamps and seals
Kipfenberg, Bavaria, Regional Court Stamp
The words “Land Gericht” found from top around to lower right on these examples refer to a Bavarian regional court. The same term is still in use, however it is now spelled Landgericht or Landesgericht. The rest of the text specifies that this is the regional court of Kipfenberg, a town in the district of Eichstatt, the same district where Alois’ home village of Enkering is located (now part of the municipality of Kinding).
Bavarian Revenue Stamps
These stamps are known as revenue stamps, and probably indicate that a fee was paid in connection with the issuing of the document. The denomination is the Kreutzer, or Kreuzer, according to Wikipedia a “medieval silver coin and unit of currency in Southern Germany.” Two of the stamps represent fees of 15 (funfzehen) kreuzer, and one is for 3 (drei) kreuzer.
Embossed Royal Seal
Several of the documents are embossed with this same seal. The words “Konigreich Bayern” mean “Kingdom of Bavaria.” Note that these images have been manipulated to enhance the contrast and make the embossing legible.
Government of Middle Franconia seal
The words “Koenigl Bayer Regierung von Mittel Franken” mean roughly “Royal Bavarian Government of Middle Franconia.” See Middle Franconia.
Official Seals of Canton Aargau, Switzerland
These seals all appear on document #9, which seems to be a marriage license issued in Canton Aargau, County Baden, Switzerland. Note that the images of the embossed stamps have been manipulated to enhance the contrast and make the embossing legible.
All stamps and seals
Not all of these seals have proven decipherable. If you think you can help you can find 640 x 480 images of each of the stamps or seals found on the scanned German documents in the gallery below. These images were cropped from the 300 DPI scans of each document. More detail can be found by locating the seal in the higher (600, 1200) DPI scans. The image file names here point to the scanned image from which the crop was made. Note that the images of embossed seals have been manipulated to enhance the contrast.
Looking for Louis
- The life of Alois Betz
- Enkering, 1827-1855
- Johnstown, 1855-1866
- Cleveland, 1866-1891
- After Alois, 1891-
- German documents
- Stamps and seals
- English documents
- Lena’s home cooking